Publication Date



Primary school curriculum, Course content, Curriculum materials, Mathematics curriculum, Reading teaching, Writing teaching, Citizenship education, Global citizenship, Monitoring (Assessment), Student assessment


An early step in developing an assessment framework for the Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics (SEA-PLM) was determining how to design and construct a single assessment program across all ASEAN member countries. This step needed to take account of the similarities and differences in the curriculum frameworks in each country for the four domains to be assessed through SEA-PLM: Mathematics, Reading, Writing and Global Citizenship. This account was achieved through an audit of the curriculum materials from 11 ASEAN countries, comprising those countries already participating in the SEA-PLM field trial, and others likely to join SEAPLM in the future. The audit examined statements concerning the overarching orientation of education in each country and then focused on the details of the curriculum for Grade 5, as the first set of assessment instruments developed for SEA-PLM target this grade level. This document presents the outcomes of the curriculum audit in the domains of Reading, Writing, Mathematics, and Global Citizenship for the following countries: Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Timor Leste and Vietnam. Limited information was available from Myanmar, due to the national curriculum reform process that was happening at the time of the audit; however some general information was reviewed. The review is organised around the structure of the assessment framework that emerged from the initial study of the different curricula. The review identifies how and where the key features of each curriculum are reflected in this structure. The following section summarises the structure of the framework with a brief commentary about how this reflects the findings of the curricula review.

Place of Publication

Melbourne Vic


Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)