A brief overview of the aims and scope of TIMSS worldwide was given, followed by a summary of Australia’s participation. The presentation concentrated on describing results achieved by Australian middle primary and lower secondary students, with areas of strength and weakness illustrated by examples from the tests. Comparisons of achievement were made in relation to the various assessment modes used in the tests. The discussion of results was placed in context as far as possible, with a range of home background and instructional practice factors considered.
Lokan, Jan, "Overview of the Third International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) in Australia" (1999).