A recent ACER study of Year 9 students' results on reading comprehension and mathematics tests found that a positive school climate is associated with higher literacy and numeracy test scores. Socioeconomic status (SES), language background, Indigenous status, gender and educational aspirations were also found to have significant effects on achievement in both literacy and numeracy.
Rothman, S., & McMillan, J. (2004, January 01). Positive School Climate Helps Students Achieve Positive Results. Research Developments. 11(11) https://research.acer.edu.au/resdev/vol11/iss11/3