Publication Date



Citizenship education, Global approach, International programs, Evaluation, Measures, Educational assessment, Primary education


This framework was commissioned by UNICEF under the Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics (SEA-PLM). SEA-PLM is a regional assessment of literacy, numeracy and global citizenship skills of grade 5 level students from participating ASEAN member countries implemented by the Ministries of Education with support from SEAMEO and UNICEF and technical specialist advice from the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER).


This assessment framework forms part of the Southeast Asia Primary Learning Metrics (SEAPLM) assessment program and outlines an approach to assessing global citizenship. The purpose of this assessment framework is to articulate the basic structure of the global citizenship domain as part of SEA-PLM. It provides a description of the constructs to be measured. It also outlines the design and content of the measurement instruments and describes how measures generated by those instruments relate to the constructs. It combines theory and practice to describe “both the ‘what’ and the ‘how’” (Jago, 2009, p. 1) of the SEA-PLM assessment of global citizenship. Global citizenship education (GCED) has emerged as a high priority across the globe to address the learning needs of an increasingly globalised world. Whilst GCED is a new term, it is based and builds upon associated fields, such as ‘peace education,’ ‘moral’ or ‘social education,’ and ‘civics and citizenship education’.

Place of Publication

Melbourne Vic


Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)

Geographic Subject

Brunei, Cambodia, East Timor, Indonesia, Laos, Philippines, Singapore, Southeast Asia, Thailand, Vietnam, Myanmar