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This Digest is focused on studies that have investigated how data can be used in schools to examine teaching practices in order to improve student learning. A selection of relevant websites is listed, and a full reference list is provided. Links to those references for which full-text online access is freely available are also included. School systems, principals and teachers have access to an extensive range of data that can be used for a variety of purposes. Accountability processes and data have come to play a significant place in policy development and reform efforts. There is a large body of research about the use of data for improvement at the system level. The key question addressed by this digest is “What does research tell us about how schools and teachers can use data to inform teaching in ways that lead to improvements in student achievement?” The digest draws on searches of a number of databases and bibliographic resources, including the Australian Education Index, Education Resources Information Centre (ERIC,) Education Research Complete, British Education Index and Scopus.

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