International Conference on Assessment and Learning (ICAL)

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Altruism, Measurement, Psychometrics


Altruism, Measurement, Psychometrics


Experimental Analysis of Behavior | Multicultural Psychology | Psychology


Paper presented at ICAL 2022 — Transforming Assessment and Learning: Making the System Work!

13 - 15 October 2022, Bali, Indonesia


The COVID-19 pandemic has been going on for more than two years and has caused problems for the world community. One of the impacts of COVID-19 is psychological barriers, including decreased well-being, increased stress, anxiety, depression, loss of family members, and being laid off. Is there still energy in a difficult situation like this to give empathy and have a sense of wanting to help without reward (altruism)? The psychological condition of the impact of COVID-19 is the background for the need to carry out valid and reliable psychological measurements. This study aims to identify the psychometric properties of three psychological instruments adapted to the Indonesian culture. These instruments measure the psychological impact related to the context of COVID-19, including Fear of COVID-19, Anxiety toward COVID-19, and Altruism. This research is part of an international umbrella research themed: "International and Multidimensional Perspectives on the Impact of COVID-19 across Generations (IMPACT-C19)," which involves more than 16 countries. This study implemented a convenience sampling method to recruit 176 participants. The adaptation stages included translating the instruments from English into Indonesian (using the translator's discussion method), back-translation from Indonesian to English, harmonizing the translation results, and statistical testing. We applied Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) to test the instrument's validity and the McDonald's Omega method to test reliability. The results showed that the Fear of COVID-19 scale was valid with adequate goodness of fit values, namely c2 (21) = 375.47, p = 0.10, TLI = 0.98 (recommended 0.95), CFI = 0.97 (recommended = 0.95) ), RMSEA = 0.06 (suggested < 0.08), with a reliability coefficient of 0.81. The anxiety toward the COVID-19 scale is also valid with excellent goodness of fit values, namely c2 (10) = 336.59, p = 0.34, TLI = 1.00, CFI = 1.00, RMSEA = 0.03, with a reliability coefficient of 0.83. The results of the Altruism CFA test showed that all items were valid with good goodness of fit values, namely c2 (10) = 147.37, p = 0.22, TLI = 0.99, CFI = 0.96, RMSEA = 0.05, with a reliability coefficient of 0.70. The research results showed that the three instruments are valid with good goodness of fit and adequate reliability coefficient.


Jakarta, Indonesia


ACER Indonesia




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Adaptation of three psychological measurement instruments assessing the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic: Fear of COVID-19 scale, coronavirus anxiety scale, and altruism


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