Publication Date



Background paper to keynote address and workshops presented at the inaugural Asia-Pacific Educational Research Association (APERA) regional conference, ACER, Melbourne, April 16-19, 2002.


Within the context of a growing international movement toward the adoption of ‘outcomes-based’ modes of educational provision and governance, this paper focuses on the context, nature, purpose and construction of educational performance indicators. Key issues related to types and sources of indicators, essential features of useful indicators, constructing and using performance indicators to advantage, and key elements of Education Management Information Systems (EMIS) are presented and discussed.