Transition and Post-School Education and Training


Annual transitions between labour market states for young Australians

Publication Date



Series : (TD/TNC 100.02)

ISBNs: 9781921413902 web ed. 9781921413919 print ed.

This work has been produced by the National Centre for Vocational Education Research (NCVER) under the National Vocational Education and Training Research and Evaluation (NVETRE) Program. Funding is provided through the Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations.


This study uses an annual timeframe to evaluate the influence of labour market status in one period on status in the subsequent period. Understanding the role of past labour market experiences is important when it is the objective of policy-makers to increase the proportion of time spent by young Australians in desirable labour market states, such as full-time work, and reduce the time they spend in marginalised activities, such as unemployment. These concerns are heightened during lean economic times, but they never really go away. A natural question that may arise, especially in a weak labour market for youth, is whether promoting casual employment today would lead to more people being employed permanently in the future, or would simply result in more people working on a casual basis. For such a question to be answered, it is necessary to understand the role of previous labour market states and, specifically in this study, how this role differs by the level of education and qualifications obtained.