Assessment GEMS

Publication Date



Literacy, Student assessment, Reading tests, Early reading, Measurement, Developing countries, National programs, Educational policy, Early childhood education


Assessment GEMs no. 2

This Assessment GEM is an update of an earlier paper published in the series in 2014.


The Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA), administered individually in about 15 minutes, measures the most basic foundation skills for literacy acquisition in the early grades. The assessment was developed by the Research Triangle Institute (RTI) through funding provided by the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the World Bank, in addition to resources provided by RTI. In the context of this emerging focus on measuring basic literacy skills, EGRA was developed to provide a battery of assessments of basic reading skills for developing countries to monitor the status of early reading in primary schools. The assessment tool was first implemented in The Gambia and Senegal in 2007. Since then, the reading assessment methodology has been adapted for use in more than 60 countries, in 100 languages.

Place of Publication

Camberwell, Australia


Australian Council for Educational Research