Higher education research

Publication Date



Student engagement, Measures (Individuals), University students, External study programs, Online learners, On campus students, Measurement


The Commonwealth Department of Education and Training commissioned the Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER) to review the Learner Engagement Scale (LES), a key measure of student experience. It is administered as part of the Student Experience Survey, an annual survey of a sample of the 400 000 first and final year undergraduates studying at Australian Higher Education institutions – 80 per cent on-campus and around 8 per cent off-campus. Over the years, LES results have consistently shown substantially lower engagement levels in off-campus students – far in excess of the variation between teaching modes that might be expected – giving rise to concern that the survey itself was biased in favour of on-campus students.

Place of Publication

Melbourne Vic


Australian Council for Educational Research (ACER)