ACER India

Understanding competency based learning for reading literacy

Publication Date



Reading skills, Literacy education, Reading comprehension, Competency based assessment, Cognitive skills, Secondary school curriculum, Frameworks


Competency-based learning, unlike curriculum-based learning, emphasizes a student-centred approach to education. It is heavily driven by experience and discovery rather than lecture and memorization. The focus of competency-based learning is on what students understand and how they apply what they learn in real-life situations rather than what they remember. This learning framework for reading literacy is an effort to introduce competency-based learning to classroom teaching and learning in India to prepare Indian students for the rapidly changing future. It provides resources that can be used by schools and teachers for supporting secondary school students to acquire reading literacy and is aligned to the broad competencies identified by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) for the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) frameworks. Besides this, the mapping of the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) Learning Outcomes to the content areas and the PISA competencies have been included. Practical examples for teaching and assessing across various content area and competencies are further inbuilt to enrich the teacher’s repertoire for classroom transactions.

Place of Publication

Delhi, India


Central Board of Secondary Education (CBSE) India



Geographic Subject