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Curriculum development, Curriculum evaluation, Flexibility, Educational change


This paper is one of three research ‘backgrounders’ to support the 2018–19 review of the New South Wales (NSW) curriculum. It focuses on the issue of prescriptiveness or flexibility in curriculum, which has been identified as an area of interest in the review. The Terms of Reference require the review to consider the appropriate scope for school community choices about content. Given that the NSW curriculum is characterised by a relatively high level of prescriptiveness, this is understood as involving consideration of whether a more flexible approach may be desirable. This paper therefore seeks to provide an evidence base, based on a rapid review of relevant research, to inform reform towards greater curriculum flexibility.

Place of Publication

Sydney, Australia


NSW Education Standards Authority

Geographic Subject

New South Wales

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