OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Australia

Publication Date



Global citizenship, Global education, Competence, International comparisons, Cultural literacy, Intercultural communication, Well being, Sustainable development, Secondary school students


Global competence is defined in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) as a multidimensional capacity that encompasses the ability to examine issues of local, global and cultural significance; understand and appreciate the perspectives and worldviews of others; engage in open, appropriate and effective interactions across cultures; and take action for collective well-being and sustainable development (OECD, 2020). This report focuses on aspects of the global competence module in the PISA 2018 Student Questionnaire and the School Questionnaire. It examines aspects of data collected from student and principal self-reports from the Australian perspective. This report focuses on the similarities between students in Australia and a number of participating countries and economies, referred to as comparison countries, and similarly differences between principals in Australia and comparison countries. It also focuses on differences between students and in Australian states and territories, and between students from different demographic groups, regarding their attitudes, learning opportunities at school. The report also covers aspects of global competence from the perspective of schools and how schools promote global competence.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 License.

Place of Publication

Camberwell, Australia


Australian Council for Educational Research


ISBN 978 1 74286 645 1 [print] ISBN 978 1 74286 646 8 [digital]

Geographic Subject

Australia, Canada, Estonia, Germany, Hong Kong, Ireland, Korea, South, Macau, New Zealand, Poland, Scotland, Singapore, Taiwan