Student health and wellbeing systematic review: Main report and executive summary

Publication Date



Academic achievement, Health promotion, Persistence, Research, Resilience (Personality), Social behaviour, Student engagement, Systematic reviews, Well being


This project was commissioned and funded by the Evidence for Learning (E4L) and VicHealth.

Study registration: PROSPERO CRD42020176599, 28/04/2020, www.york.ac.uk/inst/crd


This review explored the research regarding the effects of school-based wellbeing interventions on student academic achievement (N = 320,505) and the wellbeing-related outcomes (N = 411,535) of social-emotional adjustment, behavioural adjustment, cognitive adjustment, and internalising symptoms. There were 75 studies that qualified and were included in the final analyses which involved 432 extracted outcomes from students 5 to 18 years of age. This review found that school-based wellbeing programs had a small positive effect on academic achievement, equivalent to two months of additional impact (g = 0.17). Wellbeing programs had small to moderate effects on wellbeing-related measures: social-emotional adjustment (g = 0.14), behavioural adjustment (g = 0.15) , cognitive adjustment (g = 0.18), and a moderate impact on internalising symptoms (g = 0.20) compared to 'business as usual', consistent with previous reviews.

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 4.0 License.

Place of Publication

Sydney, Australia


Evidence for Learning, Social Ventures Australia



Exec-Summary-Student-Health-and-Wellbeing-systematic-review-FINAL-24-Sep-20.pdf (1023 kB)
Executive summary: A systematic review of intervention research examining effective student wellbeing in schools and their academic outcomes