Civics and Citizenship Assessment

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Knowledge level, Civics, Lower secondary years


Papers about ICCS presented at the European Conference on Educational Research (ECER) in Cádiz (18-21 September 2012)


A larger number of countries involved in the IEA International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS 2009) had also participated in the previous IEA CIVED study undertaken in 1999. The civic knowledge test included a subset of CIVED items which were used to derive comparable measures of civic content knowledge, one of the subscales reported in CIVED 1999. Some of the ICCS 2009 questionnaire material also included items that were similar or even identical in wording to those used in CIVED but for which some general format changes were applied. This paper discusses the potential for comparing results from both surveys for test and questionnaire items and discusses the caveats researchers have to keep in mind when doing so. The paper will illustrate this with selected results from European countries from lower secondary students between 1999 and 2009. The first part of this paper describes the equating analyses and procedures undertaken for common cognitive items as well as European results across both surveys overall and for selected sub-groups (e.g. gender, books at home). The second part will discuss the possibilities of comparing questionnaire results between the two surveys in view of the format changes that were applied to the material. The conclusion will summarise the results and discuss the implications of design, format and content changes for comparing data from CIVED 1999 and ICCS 2009.


English, English

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