The International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) studied the ways in which young people are prepared to undertake their roles as citizens. ICCS was based on the premise that preparing students for citizenship roles involves developing relevant knowledge and understanding as well as helping them form positive attitudes toward being a citizen and participating in activities related to civic and citizenship education. It also examined differences among countries in relation to these outcomes of civic and citizenship education, and it explored how differences among countries relate to student characteristics, school and community contexts, and national characteristics. This report is structured so as to provide technical detail about each aspect of ICCS. The chapters cover: test development, questionnaire development, development of regional instruments, translation and national adaptations of ICCS 2009 instruments, sampling design and implementation, sampling weights and participation rates, ICCS survey operations procedures, quality assurance in the ICCS data collection, data management and creation of the ICCS international database, scaling procedures for ICCS test items, scaling procedures for ICCS questionnaire items, and the reporting of ICCS results.
Schulz, W., Ainley, J., & Fraillon, J. (2011). ICCS 2009 Technical Report. https://research.acer.edu.au/civics/9