OECD Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) Australia

Publication Date



Secondary school students, Mathematics achievement, Social inclusion, Student teacher relationship, Discipline, Bullying, Safety, Parent participation, Student stress, Curiosity, Academic persistence, Teacher shortage, Resource allocation, Student teacher ratio, School leaders, Student behaviour, Digital technology, International comparisons, Questionnaires


The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is an international comparative study of student performance directed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). PISA measures the cumulative outcomes of education by assessing how well 15-year-olds, who have nearly completed compulsory schooling in most participating educational systems, are prepared to use their knowledge and skills in particular areas to meet real-world opportunities and challenges. In addition to the cognitive data reported on in Volume I, PISA collected a wealth of student and school contextual data through the background questionnaires. This report focuses on a variety of constructs related to 15-year-old students’ experiences at school, which illustrate student background characteristics and schooling environments, including sense of belonging, student–teacher relationships, disciplinary climate, exposure to bullying, students’ resistance to stress, curiosity, perseverance, shortage of educational staff and shortage of educational material. Volume II of the PISA 2022 national report examines the similarities and differences between a number of participating countries and economies, referred to as comparison countries; the Australian states and territories; and, school sector and different demographic groups for each of the above constructs. The results from PISA, as one of the assessments in the National Assessment Program, allow for nationally comparable reports of student outcomes against the Alice Springs (Mparntwe) Education Declaration (Education Council, 2019).

Creative Commons License

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.

Place of Publication

Camberwell, Australia


Australian Council for Educational Research





Geographic Subject

Australia, Australia